Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Elliot Stock,
Henry B. Wheatley,
The Book Lover's Library Series


WHENE'ER I take my work abroad
The publisher to see,
I inly feel a deep desire
To punch the head of he.


Whene'er he takes his work abroad
And brings them me to buy,
I inly sigh, but rarely say,
'You'll be the death of I.'

From: A Publisher's Playground by Elliot Stock
London: Kegan, Paul, Trench & Co. 1888

There was a London publisher in the late 1800s by the name of Elliot Stock (1838-1911) who made a name for himself, surely not as a poet, but as a publisher of books and magazines for the book collector.  Elliot Stock believed he knew exactly what book collectors wanted because he was a book collector himself.  And he published facsimiles of famous first editions, magazines of book lore, and more than a handful of  series of books on bookish topics for the book collector to enjoy.

                                   FACSIMILE EDITIONS

        The Complete Angler by Isaak Walton  1897 (1653)

        Rasselas by Samuel Johnson 1884 (1759)

       The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith  (1885) (1768)

       The Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens 1890 (from author's manuscript)



        The Antiquary:  A Magazine Devoted to the Study of the Past  (1879-1915)

        The Bibliographer:  A Journal of Book-Lore  (1881-1884)

        Book-Lore:  A Magazine Devoted to Old Time Literature  (1884-1887)

        The Bookworm:  An Illustrated Treasury of Old-Time Literature  (1887-1894)

        Book-Prices Current  (1888-[1954] )

                          SERIES OF BOOKS

        The Gentleman's Magazine Library  1883-1905)

        The Antiquary's Library  (1883-1897)

        The Book Lover's Library  (1886-1902)

        The Popular Counties Library (1887-1894)

        The Camden Library (1891-1896)

        The Elizabethan Library  (1892-1895)

Of all the series of books Elliot Stock published, the most popular series was The Book Lover's Library. The first book in the series was published in 1886, and the last in 1902, both of them written by Henry B. Wheatley.  As editor and contributor, Henry B. Wheatley (1838-1917) was the heart and soul of The Book Lover's Library series.  A book collector himself, he was Elliot Stock's editor for The Bibliographer, the author of books about the diaries of Samuel Pepys and John Evelyn, and the author of a book titled, What is an Index?  Most importantly, however, were Henry B. Wheatley's connections in the book world.  And he used these connections to line up authors for The Book Lover's Library series.  Henry B. Wheatley was a fellow in the Society of Arts, the founder of the Index Society,  a co-founder of the Topographical Society of London,  a member of the Sette of  Odd Volumes (later President),  the Early English Text Society,  and the New Shakespeare Society.  As The Book Lover's Library series was being published from 1886 to 1902, Wheatley joined the Johnson Club, founded the Samuel Pepys Club, and became Vice President, then President of the Bibliographical Society.   A more qualified person to be editor of The Book Lover's Library would have been hard to find.

Elliot Stock introduced Henry B. Wheatley as the editor of the upcoming series, The Book Lover's Library, in a prospectus which appeared in the November 29, 1884 issue of The Evening News:

Similar announcements were published in the Nov 29, 1884 issue of The Athenæum:

Not all the volumes identified in these announcements were published in The Book Lover's Library seres.  And more volumes were subsequently added to the series.  But I do find it interesting to see which books "might have been" part of The Book Lover's Library.

In the January 1885 issue of The Book Buyer:

In the January 10, 1885 issue of the Publishers' Weekly:

And a shortened note in the the January 1885 issue of The Library Journal:  The Official Organ of the Library Associations of America and of the United Kingdom:

And in a Supplement to the 14 February 1885 issue of The New Zealand Herald:

Fast forward to the prospectus which appeared in the Nov. 6, 1885 issue of The Bookseller:

A closer look at this list of books in preparation highlights the benefit of Henry B. Wheatley being the editor of this series.  Two of the authors of the books in preparation were co-founders, along with Wheatley, of the Topographical Society of London:  H. Trueman Wood and G. L. Gomme.  And a third author, T. F. Ordish, became Honorary Secretary of the Topographical Society after its first meeting.

Another author of a book in preparation was George Clulow.  On March 2, 1884, Clulow gave a presentation on Playing Cards before the Sette of Odd Volumes, displaying 55 playing cards from 1480 to the present.  If Henry B. Wheatley was already a member of the Sette of Odd Volumes in 1884, he may have attended this meeting, and signed Clulow up as an author for The Book Lover's Library series.

As Assistant Secretary of the Society of Arts, however, Wheatley surely was in attendance on May 8, 1889 when Clulow read a paper before the Society of Arts on The Origin and Manufacture of Playing Cards.  But Wheatley may have determined that The History of Playing Cards would be too short for publication in The Book Lover's Library series (Most books in the Book Lover's Library series were between 150 and 300 pages long).  On a side note, the Chiswick Press published The Origin and Manufacture of Playing Cards in 1889, and it was 40 pages long.

How to Arrange a Library by Henry B. Wheatley was another book in preparation that never made it to the printer.  Terry Belanger's 1985 book, Lunacy and the Arrangement of Books, was only 26 pages.  I doubt if Wheatley could have stretched his book to 150 pages.  The same might be said for How to Manage a Library, also by Wheatley, which was dropped prior to the Nov. 6, 1885 announcement in The Bookseller.

A third book listed as "in preparation," Notes on Paper Materials Used for Books, by T. F. Ordish was not published in The Book Lover's Library series either.   I believe, however, that Elliot Stock decided to include this topic in a volume of The Gentleman's Library series edited by G. L. Gomme:  Literary Curiosities and Notes  by A. B. G. (A. B. Grosart) which was published in 1888.  This volume also included another topic originally destined for The Book Lover's Library series: and mentioned way back when in The Evening News in Nov 1884:  Notes on Bookbinding.

Where Elliot Stock published Old Advertisements in Books–if he published it at all–I have no idea.

The best source of information about The Book Lover's Library series that I've found is an article by the Australian Claude A. Prance titled "The Book Lover's Library."  This article appeared in the Autumn 1983 issue of The Private Library.  And a number of years ago a good friend was kind enough to copy the article and send me a copy:

Prance's article is included in his book, Essays of a Book Collector:  Reminiscences on Some Old Books and Their Authors, published by Locust Hill Press, West Cornwall, Ct. in 1989 (moi recommends).  All told, Elliot Stock published 26 volumes in The Book Lover's Library series.  And Prance describes the contents of each volume in his article.

The purchasers of the volumes of The Book Lover's Library series had a choice of three styles of binding:
   Printed on antique paper, rough paper edges in green cloth with bevelled edges.

   Printed on hand-made paper in Roxburghe half-morocco with gilt top (250 copies)

   Large paper edition on hand-made paper, bound in Roxburghe (50 copies)

All but one of my volumes of The Book Lover's Library series are in green cloth with bevelled edges.  Elliot Stock used this same binding for books by Augustine Birrell and J. Roger Rees.

I have two 1902 reprints of The Enemies of Books, and with different "popular bindings."  Most curiously though, the 1902 edition only contains one illustration, whereas the 1888 edition contained eight illustrations.  Nothing else was revised.

    I also have a 1968 Gale reprint of the 1892 edition of Books in Chains by William Blades.  I will eventually trade up for a Book Lover's Library edition.

There are a few more Book Lover's Library volumes I will add to my library before I get old and grey . But not the whole series.  Some volumes, like the Dickens volumes, just don't appeal to me.  My Australian friend, John Byrne, has all 26 volumes in the green beveled cloth, and a few large paper editions to boot!  Another Australian, Patrick Spedding, wrote a blog post about The Book Lover's Library in February 2015.

My favorites in The Book Lover's Library series are these three books.  Although the information contained in the volumes is outdated, the books provide a vivid picture of how book collecting, library cataloguing, and indexing was in the time of Elliot Stock and Henry B. Wheatley.

My copy of How to Catalogue a Library was formerly owned by the Rubaiyat Collector, Waldo Leon Rich.  I wonder if he referred to Wheatley's book to catalogue his collection?

And finally, here's a list of all 26 volumes and the year they were first published in The Book Lover's Library series:

How to Form a Library by Henry Wheatley, 1886.

Old Cookery Books by William Carew Hazlitt, 1886.

The Literature of Local Institutions by G. Laurence Gomme, 1886.

Modern Methods of Illustrating Books by H. T. Wood, 1887.

The Dedication of Books to Patron and Friend by Henry B. Wheatley, 1887.

Gleanings in Old Garden Literature by William Carew Hazlitt,1887.

The Story of Some Famous Books by Frederick Saunders, 1887.

The Book of Noodles:  Stories of Simpletons; or Fools and Their Follies by W. A. Clouston, 1888.

The Enemies of Books by William Blades, 1888.

Foreign Visitors in England, and What They Thought of Us:  Being Some Notes on Their Books and Their Opinions During the Last Three Centuries by Edward Smith, 1890.

How to Catalogue a Library by Henry B. Wheatley, 1889.

Studies in Jocular Literature:  A Popular  Subject More Closely Considered by W.  Carew Hazlitt, 1890.

Newspaper Reporting in Olden Time and Today by John Pendleton, 1890.

The Story of the 'Imitatio Christi' by Leonard A. Wheatley, 1891.

Books Condemned to be Burnt by James Anson Farrer, 1892.

Books in Chains and Other Bibliographical Papers by William Blades, 1892.

Literary Blunders:  A Chapter in the History of Human Error' by Henry B. Wheatley,  1893.

Book Song:  An Anthology of  Poems of Books and Bookmen From Modern Authors by Gleeson White, 1893.

Walton and Some Earlier Writers on Fish and Fishing by R. B. Marston, 1894.

Books Fatal to Their Authors by P. H. Ditchfield, 1895.

Book-Verse:  An Anthology of Poems of Books and Book-men From the Earliest Times to Recent Years  by W. Roberts, 1896.

The Literature of Music by James E. Mathew, 1896.

The Novels of Charles Dickens:  A Bibliography and Sketch by Frederic C. Kitton, 1897.

Book Auctions in England in the Seventeenth Century 1676-1700:  With a Chronological List of the Book Auctions of the Period by John Lawler, 1898.

The Minor Writings of Charles Dickens:  A Bibliography and Sketch by Frederic C. Kitton, 1900.

How to Make an Index by Henry B. Wheatley, 1902.


Monday, February 6, 2017

The Sentimental Airman

This article was first published in 2004 in AB BOOKMAN'S WEEKLY, an online website that sought to revive the old AB BOOKMAN'S WEEKLY trade publication.

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The Sentimental Airman

By Jerry Morris

It is tough being a bibliomaniac. A bibliomaniac cannot decide which books to acquire, for he wants them all. Nevertheless, this bibliomaniac has done rather well in acquiring books for my Samuel Johnson, William Shakespeare, and Books About Books Collections.

A bibliomaniac's taste and technique will not work, however, in acquiring books for My Sentimental Library, a collection of books formerly owned by aviators, authors, actors, book collectors, booksellers, book publishers, one eccentric scientist, and other famous people. There are simply too many books to choose from. On alone, there are over 26,000 listings which include the phrase, "bookplate of."  Moreover, there are over 22,000 listings on which include the phrase, "from the library of."

Consequently, I have enlisted the aid of one of my altered egos to assist in acquiring books for My Sentimental Library. Exit: Moi the Bibliomaniac. Enter: the Sentimental Airman.

The Sentimental Airman, having served his country honorably for twenty-three years, has risen to the task once more. In but a few short years, the Sentimental Airman has considerably altered my book-collecting ego, while instilling self-discipline, promoting the general welfare, salvaging the remains of the family bank account, and keeping my wife off my back. For the latter, and for his significant contributions to My Sentimental Library, the Sentimental Airman deserves a Commendation

The Sentimental Airman didn't fly airplanes; he fixed them. Nevertheless, he has a soft spot for books formerly owned by aviators, as well as for books owned by military leaders and yes, one eccentric scientist.

For starters, in December, 2002 the Sentimental Airman acquired a book on military strategy formerly owned by William "Billy" Mitchell: Napoleon's War Maxims

General Mitchell, known as the Father of the U.S. Air Force, argued for increased emphasis on the use of air power. He was fighting a losing battle against his superiors, however, who preferred naval power over air power. In 1925, Billy Mitchell was court-martialled for insubordination after blaming his superiors for several aviation mishaps. In 1942, Billy Mitchell was posthumously promoted to the rank of Major General; after the attack on Pearl Harbor, which Mitchell had predicted, military leaders belatedly realized the necessity of his philosophy of air power.

I was hoping to find marginalia in Mitchell's hand in this book but to no avail.  I did, however, discover several pieces of paper, dated April 23, 1913, that Mitchell used to bookmark some of Napoleon's war maxims that he favored.

There is an additional historical provenance for this book; it was formerly owned by William "Wild Bill" Donovan, the Father of American Intelligence. Donovan was the Director of the OSS during WWII, and then became our first CIA Director. If Donovan left marginalia in this book, he used invisible ink.

In September, 2003 the Sentimental Airman acquired a book formerly owned by Charles A. Lindbergh: International Code of Aviation. The invoice from the publisher, Prof. Francesco Cosentini, dated May 27, 1933, as well as a portion of the mailing envelope showing Lindbergh's Broadway address, establishes the provenance.

Published in 1933, the book itself was an attempt to separate aviation law from maritime law, while coordinating and consolidating the 104 national aviation laws into an improved International Aviation Law.

In October, 2003, the Sentimental Airman acquired a book formerly owned by General Robert E. Cushman.  Cushman was the battalion commander of the Marine detachment aboard the USS Pennsylvania during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Shortly thereafter, he was decorated for bravery at Iwo Jima. Twenty years later, he commanded the American ground forces in Vietnam.

General Cushman did not have a copy of Napoleon's War Maxims upon which to base his military strategy; instead, he used a copy of Oswald Jacoby on Poker. Throughout the book, Cushman underlined paragraphs on poker strategy. On the front pastedown, he meticulously wrote down the odds in Craps. If Life is a crapshoot, General Cushman knew when and how to play the odds.

In January, 2004 the Sentimental Airman acquired a book formerly owned by one of the original Tuskegee airmen, Colonel Harry A. Sheppard. Col. Sheppard was one of our first black pilots in the military. He flew 123 combat missions in North Africa and Europe, flying P-39, P-47, and P-51 aircraft.

I can see why Col. Sheppard had this book, Lasting Valor, in his library. It is the gripping story of the only living black World War II veteran to receive the Medal of Honor.

In May, 2004 the Sentimental Airman acquired the following book formerly owned by an eccentric scientist: Dr. Frederick Cagle's copy of Maxims of Napoleon. At the age of seventeen, Cagle earned his undergraduate degree from the University of Illinois. In 1946, at the age of twenty-two, Cagle recieved his doctorate in Chemistry. He reportedly worked on the Manhattan Project, and was a protege of Albert Einstein. I can only speculate what project Dr. Cagle was working on at the time of his unexpected death in 1988; however, Dr. Cagle was a professor at the University of Utah, where research in cold fusion was being conducted. 

Dr. Cagle had over 60,000 books in his residence. He had bookshelves built on the walls in every room, including the bathroom and the closets. He showered in his chemistry lab, and ate his meals in a nearby pub. He never did laundry; instead he would buy shirts and other clothes in quantity, discarding them when they were soiled.

The first relative who arrived to settle his estate was overwhelmed by the number of books, and requested assistance from other family members. When the second relative arrived several days later, she discovered that many bags of valuable books had been discarded in the garbage. She saved what she could, but thousands upon thousands already gone to the dump. Maxims of Napoleon was one of the books that she rescued.

I should note that Maxims of Napoleon contains Napoleon's maxims as a statesman, whereas Napoleon's War Maxims contains his maxims as a military leader. In a sense, I am glad that a scientist, even an eccentric one at that, read Napoleon's philosophy as a statesman, and not Napoleon's philosophy as a military leader.

In May, 2004 the Sentimental Airman acquired a book signed by Captain Eddie Rickenbacker. Rickenbacker was a protege of General Billy Mitchell. Legend has it that when Rickenbacker enlisted, he was told he was too old to attend flying school; however, after meeting Rickenbacker in France and hearing of his desires to be an aviator, Billy Mitchell arranged for Rickenbacker to attend flying school. The rest is history.

Eddie Rickenbacker's son, William F. Rickenbacker, is the author of this scarce book, Vistas Iberoamericanas or, Latin American sights, a memorabilia of Rickenbacker's Eastern Airlines business tour of the Latin American countries in 1949. As an added treat, this book contains some of the 1000 pictures of the Latin American scenery taken by one of the fifteen travelers, an aviation enthusiast himself, and my favorite ukelele player, Arthur Godfrey.

Finally, in September, 2004 the Sentimental Airman acquired an association copy of Folk Tales From Vietnam. This book was formerly owned by General William R. Peers, former Commander of OSS Detachment 101. It was presented to him in 1964 by the officers and men of the 306th Psychological Warfare Battalion.

When I think of the OSS, I usually think of Wild Bill Donovan and clandestine operations in Europe; however, Detachment 101 was located in Burma. It was activated in April, 1942 to assist General Stillwell in his operations against the Japanese in China during WWII.  Captain William R. Peers was one of the three original officers of Detachment 101, eventually becoming its commander.

From 1942 to 1945, Detachment 101 performed numerous espionage operations, rescued over 300 downed airmen, and trained over 10,000 Kachin Rangers to conduct guerrilla warfare against the Japanese. Many of these guerrilla warfare tactics were later adopted by the Green Berets. You can read more about Detachment 101 in the book that Peers co-authored in 1963: Behind the Burma Road.

I have to admit that I am curious about the psychic abilities of the men and officers of the 306th Psychological Warfare Battalion. They presented this book, Folk Tales From Vietnam, to General Peers in 1964; yet, Peers, as far as I can tell, had yet to set foot in Vietnam, at least not officially.  General Peers wasn't assigned to Vietnam until March, 1968, at which time he assumed command of the American ground forces in Vietnam. He later returned to Vietnam in November, 1969, to conduct the My Lai Investigation. The My Lai Massacre was no folk tale from Vietnam.  Almost 500 civilian men, women, and children were killed by American soldiers.  The Peers Inquiry, lasted four months, and contained 20,000 pages of testimony from almost 400 witnesses.  In his blistering report, General Peers recommended charges be brought against dozens of officers and enlisted men for murder, rape, and coverup of the massacre.  Several  Americal Division Generals were included in the coverup charges. Only one soldier, Lt. William Calley, was ever convicted of any crime relating to My Lai.

There is another association of historical significance in the provenance of this book. The Sentimental Airman acquired it from a retired Air Force Officer, who, for the purposes of this article, shall be known as THUDRAT.

In 1959, THUDRAT was the Air Force Attache at the United States Embassy in Tehran. He was one of the 52 hostages held captive for 444 days in Iran. To make matters worse, the Ayatollah Khomeini decided to put THUDRAT on trial as a war criminal. The Ayatollah claimed that THUDRAT had bombed civilian targets in Vietnam during the Rolling Thunder Campaign. THUDRAT had flown over 100 Rolling Thunder bombing missions in his F-105 aircraft.

Plans for the trial were cancelled, however, because Vietnam declined to produce any witnesses for the trial. Finally, after 444 days of captivity, on the very day that President Reagan took office, THUDRAT and the other hostages were released. That, to me, is a fitting end to a story that began as a folk tale from Vietnam.

There are many stories surrounding the books in My Sentimental Library. I have covered only the books formerly owned by aviators, military leaders, and one eccentric scientist. I have yet to cover the books formerly owned by authors, actors, book collectors, booksellers, book publishers, and other famous people.  You may, perhaps, read about the rest of My Sentimental Library in future AB Bookman articles.

Jerry Morris is one of the country's most prominent bibliophiles; you can see his internet pages here: Moi's Books About Books;   My Sentimental Library



I, the Sentimental Airman, am alive and well, albeit with ten stents in  me  (three in 2004, four in 2005, two in 2006, and one in 2016).  But the online version of AB Bookman's Weekly, I am sad to say, is here no more.

Because of my recurring heart problems, my doctors placed a twenty-pound lifting limitation on me in 2006.  And I could no longer deliver the mail for the Post Office.  To make ends meet until my disability retirement was approved, I sold a good quantity of my books, including my entire Sentimental Airman Collection.  I am glad to say, however, that I sold my Sentimental Airman Collection en bloc to my bibliophile friend Jan, whose husband Bill was an aviation enthusiast.  I did add one more book to the collection before selling it:  General Pershing's copy of Out of the East by Lafcadio Hearn.

Bill has added a number of books to the collection, but the most important book in the eyes of this sentimental airman is a book from the private library of Orville Wright!

You can still view a portion of The Sentimental Airman article via the Wayback Machine, minus at least two of the photos.  But now you can view the article on My Sentimental Library blog, along with my posts about books formerly owned by authors, actors, book collectors, booksellers, book publishers, and other famous people.

Monday, January 9, 2017

A Virtual Tour of My Austin Dobson Collection

William P. Wreden chose Austin Dobson's poem, "My Books," as the keepsake he issued to commemorate the reopening of his bookshop in 1953.   And I choose Wreden's keepsake of Dobson's poem to begin this virtual tour of my Austin Dobson Collection.   The poem itself reminds me of my own  library, particularly stanzas four, five, and six.

"My Books" was first published in the February 1883 issue of Longman's Magazine.  I found a copy of Longman's Magazine, Vol I November 1882 to April 1883,  in a bookstore near RAF Mildenhall  in the late 1980s.

A Bookman's Budget was the first Austin Dobson book I ever bought.  I bought it at a secondhand bookstore near RAF Mildenhall as well.   No clue about the former owner whose name is in the book. But this book has my early ownership mark, my GTM blind stamp. Only about a hundred of my books are stamped with this mark of provenance.   Unless the owner of a book is collectible in his or her own right, the presence of a blind stamp decreases the value of a book.  But with over 250,000 page views of my blog posts,  there is probably a collector or two out there who wouldn't mind having a book with my blind stamp in it, especially if it's a book that was mentioned in one of my blogs. :-)

A Bookman's Budget, published in 1917, contains over 250 short literary pieces, some only a half-page long that Dobson either gathered from  a notebook he filled during his many years of reading, or which were first published in periodicals.

The previous owner of my copy of A Bookman's Budget marked ten pieces in the Table of Contents that were especially to his liking.  If I marked what I liked, I would have marked over a hundred of them.  One piece in particular, about the attribution of the quotation, "O For A Booke," led me astray for more than a day, and will lead to a post on my Biblio Researching blog soon.

If you don't know much about Henry Austin Dobson (1840-1921),  two American men of letters, William Dana Orcutt and J. Brander Matthews will introduce him to you.  And he is better known as Austin Dobson.

In his book,  In Quest of the Perfect Book, William Dana Orcutt (1870-1953)  has a section titled, "Friends Through the Pen."  And in this section, he identifies his friend Austin Dobson as "interpreter-in-chief of the eighteenth century."

Orcutt tells us that Dobson went to work as a clerk in the Board of Trade at the age of sixteen, and worked there for forty-five uneventful years, eventually becoming a principal in the Harbours Department.  Orcutt found it hard to believe that this bureaucrat was the author of biographies of Fielding, Walpole, Bewick, Hogarth, as well as the poet who helped introduce England to the ballade, chante royal, rondue, triolet, and other obsolete poetical forms that he had learned from his French grandmother.

 Orcutt called Dobson "the most modest literary man he ever met," and shared the following anecdote:  When the English government bestowed an annuity of £1000 to him, Dobson said, " I don't know why in the world they have given me this, unless it is because I am the father of ten children.  I have no doubt that would be classified under 'distinguished service to the crown."

Personally, with ten kids and a full-time job, I wonder how Dobson found the time to write at all!  But according to Orcutt, Dobson outlined much of his writings in his head before putting pen to paper.

Austin Dobson was very good friends with J. Brander Matthews (1852-1929) and sent him copies of many of his books.  A perusal of Dobson's inscriptions on these books recorded in The Bookshelf of  Brander Matthews (books Brander Matthews bequeathed to Columbia University) begins "with the kind regards of Austin Dobson," graduates "to my friend Brander Mathews," and then finally "to my old friend Brander Matthews."

Austin Dobson, however, was not Brander Matthews's "best friend."  Inscribed in a copy of The Rhymester are these words: "To J. Brander Matthews, with the very best wishes of his very best friend.  Xmas 1882. Arthur Penn."  And more than twenty-nine years later, Matthews inscribed a copy of a periodical  to which he had contributed "To my oldest friend, Arthur Penn.  February 21st 1912."  The listing of this particular periodical in The Bookshelf of Brander Matthews, however, contains this added little ditty composed by his old friend Austin Dobson:
Dear Brander, Give us here your fist!
He is the champion-egotist,
Who, scorning both renown and pelf,
Inscribes his verses to himself! ...
                         Austin Dobson

Arthur Penn was the pseudonym of Brander Matthews!

 Brander Matthews devoted almost 31 pages to Austin Dobson in his book, Pen and Ink, providing a short bio and methodically reviewing his works.   And at the request of Matthews, Dobson submitted his Twelve Good Rules for the composition of familiar verse:
I.  Never be vulgar.
II. Avoid slang and puns.
III. Avoid Inversions.
IV. Be sparing of long words.
V. Be colloquial, but not commonplace.
VI. Choose the lightest and brightest of measures.
VII. Let the rhymes be frequent but not forced.
VIII. Let them be rigorously exact to the ear.
IX. Be as witty as you like.
X. Be serious by accident.
XI. Be pathetic with the best discretion.
XII. Never ask if the writer of these rules has observed them himself.
One final tidbit about Austin Dobson from Pen and Ink:  

In September 1883, J. Russell Lowell, American Minister to England, had a few kind words to say about Austin Dobson's biography of Henry Fielding at the unveiling of Miss Margaret Thomas's bust of Fielding at the Shire Hall, Taunton:
Mr. Austin Dobson has done, perhaps as true a service as one man of letters ever did to another, by reducing what little is known of the life of Fielding from chaos to coherence, by ridding it of fable, by correcting and coordinating dates, by cross-examining tradition till it stammeringly confessed that it had no visible means of subsistence, and has thus enabled us to get some authentic glimpse of the man as he really was.  Lessing gives the title of 'Rescues' to the essays in which he strove to rehabilitate such authors as had been, in his judgment, unjustly treated by their contemporaries, and Mr. Dobson's essay deserves to be reckoned in the same category.  He has rescued the body of Henry Fielding from beneath the swinish hoofs which were trampling it as once they trampled the Knight of La Mancha, whom Fielding so heartily admired.

Coincidentally, the newest addition to my Austin Dobson Collection is a keepsake of Dobson's poem on Fielding commemorating the unveiling of the bust of Fielding at Shire Hall, Taunton in 1883..  This keepsake is a magnanimous gift from my Australian friend, the Johnsonian John W. Byrne.  Come to find out John collects Austin Dobson as well (and books about books for that matter).  He acquired several copies of this Dobson keepsake from Austin Dobson's granddaughter Rosemary Dobson, who acquired them from her uncle Alban Dobson.

It was Austin Dobson's poetry that first made him popular both in England and in America.  But I enjoy reading his prose works even more.  And that's what I first started collecting.  Then I bought not one, but two bibliographies of Dobson's works.  And soon I was collecting his poetry as well.

 I have the Burt Franklin 1968 reprint of A Bibliography of Austin Dobson by Francis Edwin Murray, which was published in 1900.  And I have the 1970 Burt Franklin reprint  of A Bibliography of the First Editions of Published and Privately Printed Books and Pamphlets By Austin Dobson which was compiled by his youngest son Alban Dobson and published in 1925.

I recommend that the Austin Dobson collector acquire both bibliographies as each has its own advantages over the other. Murray's bibliography is the more comprehensive of the two. It separates Dobson's works in prose from his works in verse;  lists later editions; provides a list of works Dobson either edited or translated, with memoirs, prefaces, and introductions; and includes a plethora of information concerning the first appearance of many of the prose and verse works in periodicals.  The disadvantage of having only the Murray bibliography is that it only covers works up to 1899.

A side note here:  When Mark Samuels Lasner gave me a tour of the Grolier Club in September 2011, we came upon the author's copy of Murray's bibliography of Dobson's works, "with additions and corrections written in pencil in the author's hand!"  I wish I had my ipad with me then because there never was a second edition printed. :-(

Alban Dobson's bibliography, published thirteen years after his father's death is the more updated bibliography of the two.  It lists all of Dobson's first editions in chronological order, and includes print runs.  But it doesn't contain all the extra good old stuff that's included in the Murray bibliography.

Although not a bibliography, another reference book I recommend is A Catalogue of the Collection of the Works of Austin Dobson by the University of London, 1960.

Alban Dobson helped create this catalogue, primarily from the books formerly owned by Austin Dobson that the Dobson Family donated to the University of London.  In essence it is only a checklist, but it strives to list all the editions of Dobson's works.  Of special interest to me is the list of books and periodicals containing the writings by other authors about Austin Dobson.  Orcutt's In Quest of the Perfect Book And Matthews's Pen and Ink are two of the sources identified.

Now that I've identified the Dobson reference sources in my library, I will display the books by Dobson that I have in my library.  And I will begin with his prose works.

Henry Fielding by Austin Dobson

This is the book that James Russell Lowell raved about at the unveiling of Fielding's bust.  It was first published in 1883 in London and New York, and is part of the English Men of Letters Series.  My copy is a Harper Brothers reprint of the 1883 edition (no date on the title page).

Murray's listing of Thomas Bewick And His Pupils, first published in 1884, contains the following review:
Mr. Dobson's high appreciation of Bewick, and his innate love of art, together with his literary power, combine to make his book an extremely pleasant one for the reader.  HIs command of language never leads him either into prosiness or into fine writing.  He has access to the best sources of information now available, and gives us many facts not previously known.  Mr. Dobson's little volume is not only pleasant reading, but will be of great use to the collector and the student, as it affords much assistance in identifying the engravers. –Saturday Review.

I already had Mary Hyde's set of the Letters of Horace Walpole in my library, so when I saw a copy of Dobson's Memoir of Horace Walpole in Brendan Strasser's Saucony Bookshop in Kutztown, Pa in June 2015, I had to have it   My copy is No. 182 of 425 copies printed by Theodore De Vinne.  A former owner rebacked the spine without creating a title label ( I created a paper label after snapping this photo).

Here is where the old adage, "You can't tell a book by its cover," rings true:
The cloth cover is badly soiled but the engravings inside the book just leave me speechless!

Dobson's Hogarth was quite popular.  Three editions were published in octavo as part of The Great Artists Series by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington in 1879, 1883, and 1890,  and reprinted in 1894.  Kegan, Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. published an expanded edition in 1898.  Alban Dobson says the 1898 edition formed the basis for the large quarto (sic) edition by Heinemann in 1902 (At 15 1/2 inches I'd call Heinemann's edition a folio).

The Library by Andrew Lang

Andrew Lang's The Library was first published in 1881. A nine-page postscript was added to the 1892 edition to update Dobson's chapter on illustrated books.  A former owner acquired this copy of the book in Bombay, India.  And this book has my blind stamp in it as well.

Eighteenth Century Vignettes, First, Second, and Third Series

Here are Dobson's essays that I enjoy reading the most:  Eighteenth Century Vignettes, published in 1892, 1894, and 1896 respectively.  I have all three volumes of the London edition, and the third volume of the 1896 New York edition.  At one time I had the 1968 reprint of the New York edition.  But I either sold it or gave it to another book collector.

1968 reprint

The previous owner of the London edition, the American writer Warwick James Price (1870-1933), marked his favorite pieces in the Table of Contents.  And his choices are more to my liking, particularly the essays about libraries.

Dobson's essay on Johnson's Library was a helpful source for me in cataloguing Samuel Johnson's library on Library Thing in 2008.   Dobson identified books belonging to Johnson that were not identified in the 1785 auction catalogue.

Three essays from Eighteenth Century Vignettes, Dr. Mead's Library, Fielding's Library, and Puckle's Club, were previously published in Bibliographica:  Papers on Books and Their History, 1895, 1896.

The image above is the "before" picture of the binding of my well-read six-volume set of Bibliographica. And since the subtitle of the book is Papers on Books and Their History, the "after picture" will display half-leather bindings with paper boards, displaying the paper  pictured below that I recently acquired from Hollander's:

In 1898, Dodd, Mead and Company published Dobson's Miscellanies.  Of particular interest to me was Dobson's essay, "Boswell's Predecessors and Editors."  This piece first appeared in the Oct 1888 issue of Church Quarterly Review under the title "Boswell and His Editors."

Eighteenth Century Essays.  Essays selected by Austin Dobson and then commented upon in 24 pages of illustrative notes.  The essays are by Steele, Addison, Goldsmith and others.  The book on the left was published by Willard Small in Boston in 1888.  And the one on the right was  published by D. Appleton and Company in New York in 1881.  I mistakenly thought the latter copy was bound in vellum, and needed to be cleaned–it is not vellum...

Here's a book of The Poems and Plays of Oliver Goldsmith edited by Austin Dobson and published by J. M. Dent, London in 1891.

I was mesmerized by the bookplate pasted in this book.  It was engraved by EDF (Edwin David French) in 1902 for the owner of the book, Ira Hutchinson Brainerd, a member of the Grolier Club.  Brainerd later became the author of a memorial book about French that was privately printed by the DeVinne Press in 1908.

In the Introduction to the 1901 J.M. Dent/McClure, Phillips edition of Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson, Austin Dobson writes about the London haunts and homes of Samuel Johnson.

 And the endpapers display a map of London during Johnson's time.

In 1908 Macmillan published the First English Edition and the First American Edition of De Libris.  

The contents of both editions were identical: eleven works of prose and eleven works of verse.   I mention this because the contents of the American and English editions of an author's book were frequently different.  A second edition of the English issue, published in 1909, contained one additional essay.  The best essay in the lot that I like is the first:  "On Some Books and Their Associations."  Here Dobson writes about some of the association copies in his own library.  An excellent read!

I have one book formerly owned by Austin Dobson in my own library.  And it came with an ALS to him.

My London friend, Sandy Malcolm, acquired it for me from John Hart.


I deliberately displayed and discussed Austin Dobson's books of prose first because reading about Dobson's books of poetry could very well make you dizzy. It is a veritable maze.  There appears to be no rhyme or reason to the publication of Austin Dobson's poetry books.  True,  Dobson's poetry was quite popular.  And his poetry books quickly went out of print.  But too many of Dobson's poetry books contain poems previously printed in earlier books.  To better understand what I'm talking about, let's track the publication of two poems, one of which you're already familiar with.  And to track the poems, we will begin with Section IV of Murrays bibliography.

The poem, AD ROSAM, was first printed in St Paul's Magazine in 1869, was first printed in a book in 1873 in Vignettes In Rhyme, was included in the 1885 English and American editions of At the Sign of the Lyre, and was also included in Selected Poems in 1892, in Poems on Several Occasions in 1895, and in Collected Poems in 1897.  And after Dobson's death, it also appeared in 1923 in The Complete Poetical Works of Austin Dobson.

The poem, MY BOOKS, was first printed in Longman's Magazine in 1883, and was included in At the Sign of the Lyre in 1885, in Selected Poems in 1892, in Poems on Several Occasions in 1895, in Collected Poems in 1897, and in The Complete Poetical Works of Austin Dobson in 1923.  Alexander Ireland added the last three stanzas of the poem to his 1884 edition of The Book-Lover's Enchiridion.  The poem also appeared in Ballads of Books in 1887 and 1888, and in Book Song in 1893.

Vignettes in Rhyme

Vignettes In Rhyme, published in London in 1873, is most likely the earliest published Austin Dobson  book that a collector can acquire.  A private printing of a Statement Concerning the Drama of the Doctor's Window was published in 1872, but only 30 copies were printed.  And the Dobson Family reportedly recovered all available copies.

Austin Dobson dedicated the English edition of Vignettes In Rhyme to Anthony Trollope, editor of St. Paul's Magazine, who provided an audience for Dobson's poems in the late 1860s.   All but one of the poems collected in this book were first published in periodicals, many of which first appeared in St. Paul's Magazine.  

My copy of this book was formerly owned by John Taylor Bottomley (1869-1925), a prominent Boston surgeon who pasted his bookplate in the book.  The book was later acquired by the venerable Goodspeed's Book Shop, and sold to William Chambers Parke (1901-1984) of the Parke Warehousing firm in 1967.

The First American Edition of Vignettes In Rhyme wasn't published until 1880.  And it was dedicated to Professor Oliver Wendell Holmes.

But the First American Edition was significantly different than the First English Edition of Vignettes of Rhyme.  It contained 81 poems compared to the 42 poems in the First English Edition.  And some of the poems came from Proverbs in Porcelain, first published in England in 1877 and reprinted in 1878 (There was no publication of an American edition of Provers of Porcelain).

I have a later edition of Proverbs of Porcelain, the 1905 English edition.  While the 1877 edition contains 45 poems, the 1905 edition only contains only seven poems.   And six of these Proverbs in Procelain poems were reprinted earlier in another Dobson book of poems,  Old-World Idylls.

I have two copies of  the 1890 tenth edition of Old-World Idylls, for a reason which I'll explain shortly. This book was first published in 1883, but I wanted one of the the later editions (from the 6th edition on) because they contain two of Austin Dobson's bookplates as well as notes which weren't included in the first five editions.

Both the First American Edition and the First English Edition of At the Sign of the Lyre pictured below were published in 1885.  But the American edition contains 13 pieces that were not included in the English edition.  I have the 1885 First American Edition.  But the English edition I have is the 1890 eighth edition.  And I have the later edition of At the sign of the Lyre for the same reason I have two copies of Old-World Idylls.

Confused yet?

I actually need a second copy of the English Edition of At the Sign of the Lyre, because–and you're not going to believe this–when combined with Old-World Idylls, the two volumes are identical to volumes one and two of Poems On Several Occasions.  In fact,  title pages and half-title pages are provided in the last pages of At the Sign of the Lyre just in case you want to change the titles of the books!

That would definitely confuse a book collector!  To see a different title on the title page than the title on the cover of the book!

Do you remember William Chambers Parke, the former owner of my copy of the first English Edition of Vignettes in Rhyme?  He was the former owner of my copy of the 1890 eighth edition of At the Sign of the Lyre.  And he bought it in Cape Town, South Africa in 1975.

A side note here:  William Chambers Parke was a graduate of Hotchkiss School in Lakeville, Ct.  And an endowed fund was created in his name to support book collecting!

Back to Dobson's poetry books...

The 1892 "First English Edition" of The Ballade of Beau Brocade technically isn't a "first edition." Every piece was previously published in two other books.

I also have a 1903 edition of the Ballade of Beau Brocade,  which "surprisingly" contains the same eight pieces as the 1892 edition.  Austin Dobson's granddaughter Jean Austin Dobson gave this copy of the book to a Doris Martin.  Last I heard from her friend Colin Hurrell a few years back, Jean Austin Dobson was still reading her grandfather's poetry.  My California friend Asta Beckett gave me this book as a birthday present in 2007.

An impressive-looking book in my A. D.  collection is my copy of the illustrated edition of The Sun Dial published by Dodd, Mead and Company in New York in 1890 (cloth cover, not vellum).

The poem, "The Sundial," was reprinted in Dodd, Mead and Company's 1895 edition of The Story of Rosina.  

The First English Edition was published the same year by Kegan Paul. Trench, Trubner and Co.

Austin Dobson was included in The Augustan Books of Modern Poetry, a series edited by Edward Thompson in England in the middle to late 1920s.

Thompson provided a short summary of Austin Dobson and actually introduces the last of my Dobson poetry books:  The Complete Poetical Works of Austin Dobson, first published in 1923.

I will close this virtual tour of my Austin Dobson Collection with a poem by Austin Dobson that S. M. Ellis used to close his Morning Post interview of Austin Dobson in 1914.  Ellis's interview was reprinted in The Fortnightly Review shortly after Austin Dobson's death in 1921.  I printed a copy of the interview and it is now part of my A.D. Collection.  The poem Ellis used to conclude his interview is titled, "In After Days."  It first appeared in The Century Magazine in May 1884, was reprinted in both the First English and First American editions of At the Sign of the Lyre, and appears in The Complete Poetical Works of Austin Dobson.  Most fittingly, it is the very last poem printed in the eighth English edition of At the Sign of the Lyre  and is the very last of Dobson's poems that appears in the The Augustan Books of Modern Poetry Series:

In  After  Days

In after days when grasses high
O'er-top the stone where I shall lie,
Though ill or well the world adjust
My slender claim to honoured dust,
I shall not question or reply.

I shall not see the morning sky;
I shall not hear the night-wind sigh;
I shall be mute, as all men must
In after days!

But yet, now living, fain were I
That some one then should testify,
Saying––"He held his pen in trust
To Art, not serving shame or lust."
Will none?––Then let my memory die
In after days!


Andrea Cawelti, Ward Music Cataloger, Houghton Library, Harvard University, was kind enough to share some snapshots of a unique Austin Dobson item that her library has: a manuscript containing a gathering of leaves of 18th century songs and dance figures that Austin Dobson collected.
 A listing of all 205 leaves can be viewed here.

Below are images of the cover, "title page depicting Dobson's bookplate," preliminaries, and a few examples of the  music clippings.  Thanks Andrea!