Thursday, April 27, 2017

Leigh Hunt & Two Leigh Hunt Collectors:
Joseph T. Fields & Luther A. Brewer


There is a sacredness about the belongings of good and great men which is quite apart from the value and significance of the things themselves. Their books become especially endeared to us; as we turn the pages they have loved, we can see another hand pointing along along the lines, another head bending over the open volume. A writer's books make his workshop and his pleasure-house in one, and in turning over his possessions we discover the field in which he worked and the key to his garden of the Hesperides.

                                                               Mrs. James T. Fields
                                                               A Shelf of Old Books, 1894


LEIGH HUNT




Leigh Hunt was one of the first English authors whose books I collected–after Samuel Johnson, of course!  I  had taken up book collecting in my off-duty time while serving my last overseas in England with the U. S. Air Force before retiring in 1989.   I became acquainted with a slew of English authors, among them Samuel Johnson, Leigh Hunt, Austin Dobson, Augustine Birrell, Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, Charles Lamb, and Henry B. Wheatley, just to  name a few.  I have already written about some of these authors and about other book collectors who collected them.  Today, I will write about Leigh Hunt (1784-1859), and about two American publishers who collected his books:  James T. Fields (1817-1881) and Luther A. Brewer (1858-1933).

Leigh Hunt was friends with Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, Lord Byron, Charles Lamb, and Robert Browning, to name a few.  But he had his detractors as well.  Blackwood's Magazine and The Quarterly Review, rival publications of The Examiner, lambasted Hunt and branded some of his friends as part of Hunt's "Cockney School of Poetry."  Worse still, in the early 1850s, Charles Dickens, based his unflattering character, Harold Skimpole, in Bleak House, on  his friend, Leigh Hunt.

From 1808 to 1822, Leigh Hunt was the editor of The Examiner, and shared ownership of the political weekly with his brother John.   The brothers survived several unsuccessful prosecutions from the Crown due the content of their newspaper.  But both brothers landed in prison in 1813 because of a libelous article in The Examiner written by Leigh Hunt about the Prince of Wales.  In his autobiography, first published in 1850, Hunt revealed that his father, Isaac Hunt, a  fervent Tory in Philadelphia, wrote pamphlets in favor of the Crown.  And in 1775, his father was saved from being feathered and tarred when a friend of the family overturned a cart full of tar.  Isaac landed in prison, but was able to bribe his way out, and escaped on a boat to the West Indies, eventually relocating to England.


In 1821, Leigh Hunt , not doing well financially, decided to join Shelley and Byron in Italy to produce a new periodical together.  Hunt and his family set sail for Italy in late November, but encountered violent storms causing them to return to England five weeks later.  The Hunts finally set sail for Italy on May 13, 1822. arriving in Italy and meeting Shelley in Leghorn in early June.  After forming plans for the publication of the Liberal with Hunt and Byron, Shelley set sail to return to Lerici in early July.  But his boat sank and Shelley drowned.  Hunt had loaned Shelley his copy of Keats's poems, and the book was still in Shelley's pocket when his body was recovered.  Only three issues of the Liberal were published before it folded.

Hunt edited several other periodicals, all of which had short life spans:  The Reflector 1810-1811), The Indicator 1819-1821), The Companion (1828), and the Monthly Repository (1837-1838).  Some of his best essays and poems appeared in these periodicals, and were later published in book form.  Leigh Hunt's  first book,  Juvenalia:  Or, a Collection of Poems was first published in 1802 when he was seventeen years old.  His first published essays appeared in the Traveller in 1807.

Throughout most of his life, Leigh Hunt endured financial difficulties.  It wasn't until Lord John Russell procured a pension of £200 in 1847 for him that Hunt was able to live comfortably. And in his later years, many people of note came to see him, including the American publisher,  James T.Fields, who visited him on June 30th, 1859.  Hunt died two months later on Sept 1, 1859.



James T. Fields (1817-1881) acquired his knowledge, not by going to college, but by beginning an apprenticeship with the booksellers Carter and Hendee  at The Old Corner Bookstore in Boston at the young age of thirteen.  He remained at The Old Corner Bookstore when William Ticknor became its owner in 1832.  And in 1842, Fields became a junior partner in the publishing firm  of William D. Ticknor and Company.  Fields became a full partner in Ticknor and Fields in 1854.  Ticknor ran the business end, and Fields the literary end, assembling an incredible stable of authors:  Longfellow, Holmes, Emerson, Lowell, Whittier, Tennyson, Dickens, and Thackeray, just to name a few.  In 1859, the publishing firm acquired The Atlantic Monthly magazine and Fields became its editor.  When Ticknor died in 1864, Fields sold The Old Corner Bookstore and acquired three more magazines:  The North American Review, Our Young Folks and Every Saturday.

In the October 1861 issue of The Atlantic Monthly, James T. Fields wrote an article entitled, "My Friend's Library," which was supposedly about the books in the library of a lady friend of his.  In fact, however, Fields was describing his own library.  Two books formerly owned by Leigh Hunt are mentioned in "My Friend's Library."  In 1877, "My Friend's Library" and other articles written by Fields for The Atlantic Monthly, were published in a book entitled, Underbrush.  

James T. Fields died on April 24, 1881.  His wife Annie Fields compiled a book about him that was published the same year:  James T. Fields: Biographical Sketches and Notes.  And in the book Annie describes in detail their visit with Leigh Hunt in 1859.

It wasn't until 1888 that Annie Fields publicly revealed that James T. Fields was the owner of the books described in "My Friend's Library."  In the March 1888 issue of Scribner's Magazine, the first of a three-part series of articles written by Annie Fields appeared.  The first part was entitled, "A Shelf of Old Books:  Leigh Hunt."  In 21 pages, she provided a detailed description of the books in her husband's library that were formerly owned by Leigh Hunt.   In 1894, Scribner's published all three parts in one book with the same title:  A Shelf of Old Books.  And in this book, Annie  extended the section on Leigh Hunt's books from 21 pages to 67 pages.



James T. Fields had purchased Hunt's library of 450 books after Leigh Hunt's death in 1859.  Fields kept about 200 of the books for himself, and was over-generous in sharing the remainder of the books with those who wanted them.   He later regretted that he didn't keep them all for himself!

Luther Albertus Brewer (1858-1933) was another American publisher and book collector who wanted to have all of Leigh Hunt's books himself.


Luther Brewer's  earlier "Inter Folia Fructus" Bookplate (1892) "Among the Leaves, Fruit."


Luther Brewer's "I Am a Perfect Glutton of Books" Bookplate

  Luther Brewer started collecting books when he was still in grammar school.  He was a member of the Bibliophile Society of Boston, the Grolier Club of New York, and the Rowfant Club of Cleveland.  Unlike Fields, Brewer went to college, graduating form Pennsylvania College in 1883.  He tried his hand as a school principal, and then worked in a bank. But he didn't find and learn his true calling until he became business manager of a printing company in Cedar Rapids, Iowa in 1889.  Brewer started his own printing company, The Torch Press, in 1905.  And it thrived in printing limited editions of books. The Torch Press had its own bookstore as well, the Torch Press Bookshop.  Brewer's friend, William Henry Miner, ran the Torch Press Bookshop.

At one time, I thought about collecting Torch Press imprints.  But I soon learned that the Torch Press printed way too many books for me to even consider collecting them.  I do, however, have copies of the first two books published by the Torch Press.  Both books were published in 1905.



The author of Savage--The Rake Chatterton--The Precocious Youth was none other than William Henry Miner from the Torch Press Bookshop.



He dedicated the book to Luther Albertus Brewer, and inscribed it to his fiancé, Ada, whom he would marry in August 1907.





The other book, A Shelf In My Book Case is one of my favorite essays about books.



The inscription might be familiar to some of my blog readers.  It played a part in helping me identify the bibliophile who signed his name as "S.–" in my June 2014 Biblio Researching blog post, Some Auspicious Biblio-Sleuthing.


Luther Brewer dedicated A Shelf In My Bookcase to his "patient wife" Elinore:




The Torch Press published a second book by Miner, this one in 1907.  And adjacent to the title page, a former owner pasted a portrait of Charles Churchill:




Miner dedicated the book "to Her who has been a constant inspiration."  And underneath,  he wrote, "My Ada."  And Ada pasted her bookplate on a front free endpaper:


There is a passage on page 37 of this book that referred to Samuel Johnson calling Churchill "a prolific blockhead."  In a pencilled note on the front pastedown, a former owner, a Johnsonian for sure, pointed out the reference and transcribed a passage about the conversation from Boswell's London Journal 1762-1763.






The Torch Press books that I like the best, however, are the books in the Torch Press Christmas Series, particularly the books about Leigh Hunt.  The Torch Press began this series in 1912, privately printing a book almost every Christmas, "For the Friends of Luther Albertus Brewer and Elinore Taylor Brewer."  There is an excellent article about the history of the Torch Press on the University of Iowa Libraries Special Collections and University Archives website.  Moreover, the article includes a list of the Torch Press Christmas Books and a list of the limited editions published by the Torch Press:

http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/scua/bai/carney.htm




My Torch Press Christmas Books




The earliest Torch Press Christmas book I have is the one published in 1914.


The "Great Book" written about is Charles Reade's The Cloister and the Hearth, a four-volume set rebound by Sangorski & Sutcliffe.  And among the autograph letters described are two from Leigh Hunt.  Brewer was already collecting first editions of Leigh Hunt by 1914.  He mentions putting one of the autograph letters in a copy of a first edition of Men, Women and Books (1847) and the other in a first edition of  The Months (1821).



The Brewers and a few of their friends gather around the library table and talk about Leigh Hunt and a few Hunt rarities in the Brewer library.  He tells the story of the book that became the cornerstone of his collection: a copy of Wit and Humor, Selected from the English Poets, with an Illustrative Essay and Critical Comments by Leigh Hunt," London, 1846.  The inscription in the book reads, ""To Mrs Shelley (I mean 'Mary') from her affectionate friend,  L.H."  The bookseller Walter M. Hill, a Leigh Hunt collector himself, had recently received the book from London, and intended to keep it for his own collection.  But Hill finally decided that the book "would find more worthy companions" in Brewer's library.






Vincent Starrett wrote a nice piece about learning about books from reading bookseller catalogues.  And he mentions Leigh Hunt who would check off the books in a catalogue he would have loved to buy if he only had the money to buy them.



Brewer begins with Stevenson's quotation, "Gentleness and cheerfulness are the perfect virtues," and gives examples of these traits from events in Leigh Hunt's life.





Brewer provides examples of the love of books as an introduction to Leigh Hunt's essay, "My Books."  He recalls that Hunt wishes the end of his days might come with his head upon a loved volume...that Hunt was a glutton of books...that he thought nothing of devouring half a volume before breakfast.....


Brewer writes about books in his library containing notes by Hunt and others written in the margins of books.  A book in Italian,  Scelta di Soneti, , with marginalia in Hunt's hand, was formerly owned by James T. Fields.


This book is about the Brewer's trip to France in 1927 with their friends the Snyders.  Brewer still manages to bring Leigh Hunt into the conversation when writing about their visit to Vaucluse.  Petrarch lived there and Hunt wrote about Petrarch in an 1820  Indicator essay, entitled, "On  Receiving a Sprig of Laurel from Vaucluse."  Brewer also mentions having a copy of Hunt's poems containing his translation of "Petrarch's Contemplations of Death."




Brewer writes about his wins and losses in the book collecting game.  One tragedy concerned a letter from Hunt to Lord Byron about what they should write in their upcoming periodical, The Liberal.  When Brewer contacted the autograph dealer who listed the letter, he learned that a millionaire book collector already purchased it and refused to give it up.  Brewer also mentions a number of Hunt items from the Buxton Forman sales.




Luther Brewer had over two hundred letters written to Leigh Hunt and about two hundred letters from Leigh Hunt to his friends.  And Brewer prints and discusses extracts of these letters in this book.



Brewer discusses Dickens's portrait of Skimpole (Leigh Hunt) in detail, and includes the viewpoints of Edmund Blunden, Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, Andrew Lang,  and others in condemning Dickens's actions.  The former owner of this book, W. S. Dysinger, was a local Lutheran minister whose church was either in Cedar Rapids or Iowa City.




In 1846, Henry Edward Napier presented Leigh Hunt with a set of his six-volume work, Florentine History, which found its way into Luther Brewer's Leigh Hunt collection.  His friend, A. Francis Trams, wrote a piece about the marginalia in these books and gave Brewer permission to print the piece as the Torch Press Christmas Book for 1931.  Trams counted 3000 markings by Hunt in these books, ranging from an exclamation point to 200-word paragraphs.





Luther Brewer passed away on May 6th, 1933.  And around Christmas that year, the Torch Press printed a book by J. Christian Bay about Brewer's Leigh Hunt Collection.  Bay provides a history of the collection as well as a description of the Torch Press Christmas Books.  And he gave this particular copy of the book to Vincent Starrett.

In 1934, the University of Iowa acquired the Luther Brewer Collection of Leigh Hunt for $20,000.  A good portion of the amount was provided for by an anonymous donor.  The collection contained 2000 volumes, 500 first editions, and 45 books given by Hunt to his friends.

I have one more book by Luther Brewer heading my way: a copy of My Leigh Hunt Library:  The First Editions, the 1970 Burt Franklin reprint of the 1932 edition.  Although not a part of the Torch Press Christmas Series,  the book is a must for for my Leigh Hunt/Luther Brewer Collection.  And I'm surprised I waited this long to acquire a copy!



And while I have yet to acquire a book from Leigh Hunt's library, I am happy to say that I have one of Leigh Hunt's books from Luther Brewer's library:  his copy of Volume II of A Book for A Corner.  Brewer's bookplates pasted in this book are displayed at the beginning of this section on Luther Brewer.




A Book For a Corner is the cornerstone of my motley collection of Leigh Hunt books shown below.


I can remember the first Leigh Hunt book I bought:  Leigh Hunt:  Poet and Essayist, edited by Charles Kent, and published in London by Frederick Warne and Co. in 1889.




 It was a prize book given  in 1919 to the winner of an Annual Essay Prize Competition sponsored by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.


While still in the bookstore,  I read Hunt's essay, My Books.  And for £3.50 the book was mine!



My well-read books by and about Leigh Hunt take up only a quarter of one shelf.  I include Cochrane's edition of the English Essayists because it contains nine of Leigh Hunt's essays:





The English Essayists compiled and arranged by Robert Cochrane, Edinburgh:  W. P. Nimmo, Hay & Mitchell, 1880s

Essays by Leigh Hunt:  The Indicator and The Seer, London:  Edward Moxon, 1842-1850 (four parts bound in one volume)

Immortal Boy:  A Portrait of Leigh Hunt by Ann Blainey, New York:  St. Martin's Press, 1985

The Autobiography of Leigh Hunt with an introduction by Edmund Blunden,  Oxford;  Oxford University Press, 1928 (The World's Classics: CCCXXIX)

Men, Women, And Books by Leigh Hunt, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1847, two vols.

The Italian Poets, Translated Into English Prose by Leigh Hunt, New York: Derby and Jackson, 1857

Leigh Hunt as Poet and Essayist by Charles Kent, London:  Frederick Warne, 1889

The Old Court Suburb; or Memorials of Kensington by Leigh Hunt, London:  Hurst and Blackett, n.d. third edition

A Book for A Corner; or Selections From Prose and Verse From Authors the Best Suited to That Mode of Enjoyment by Leigh Hunt, London:  Chapman and Hall, 1849 vol II only.  Luther Brewer's copy with his bookplates.

Essays by Leigh Hunt edited by Arthur Symons, London:  Walter Scott, 1888

The Religion of the Heart.  A Manual  of Faith and Duty by Leigh Hunt, London:  John Chapman, 1853

Men, Women, And Books by Leigh Hunt, London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1847











Wednesday, March 29, 2017

About
Elliot Stock,
Henry B. Wheatley,
and
The Book Lover's Library Series




IRATE AUTHOR.

WHENE'ER I take my work abroad
The publisher to see,
I inly feel a deep desire
To punch the head of he.

PATIENT PUBLISHER.

Whene'er he takes his work abroad
And brings them me to buy,
I inly sigh, but rarely say,
'You'll be the death of I.'

From: A Publisher's Playground by Elliot Stock
London: Kegan, Paul, Trench & Co. 1888


There was a London publisher in the late 1800s by the name of Elliot Stock (1838-1911) who made a name for himself, surely not as a poet, but as a publisher of books and magazines for the book collector.  Elliot Stock believed he knew exactly what book collectors wanted because he was a book collector himself.  And he published facsimiles of famous first editions, magazines of book lore, and more than a handful of  series of books on bookish topics for the book collector to enjoy.


                                   FACSIMILE EDITIONS

        The Complete Angler by Isaak Walton  1897 (1653)

        Rasselas by Samuel Johnson 1884 (1759)

       The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith  (1885) (1768)

       The Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens 1890 (from author's manuscript)




                                           

                                         MAGAZINES

        The Antiquary:  A Magazine Devoted to the Study of the Past  (1879-1915)

        The Bibliographer:  A Journal of Book-Lore  (1881-1884)

        Book-Lore:  A Magazine Devoted to Old Time Literature  (1884-1887)

        The Bookworm:  An Illustrated Treasury of Old-Time Literature  (1887-1894)

        Book-Prices Current  (1888-[1954] )






                          SERIES OF BOOKS

        The Gentleman's Magazine Library  1883-1905)

        The Antiquary's Library  (1883-1897)

        The Book Lover's Library  (1886-1902)

        The Popular Counties Library (1887-1894)

        The Camden Library (1891-1896)

        The Elizabethan Library  (1892-1895)





Of all the series of books Elliot Stock published, the most popular series was The Book Lover's Library. The first book in the series was published in 1886, and the last in 1902, both of them written by Henry B. Wheatley.  As editor and contributor, Henry B. Wheatley (1838-1917) was the heart and soul of The Book Lover's Library series.  A book collector himself, he was Elliot Stock's editor for The Bibliographer, the author of books about the diaries of Samuel Pepys and John Evelyn, and the author of a book titled, What is an Index?  Most importantly, however, were Henry B. Wheatley's connections in the book world.  And he used these connections to line up authors for The Book Lover's Library series.  Henry B. Wheatley was a fellow in the Society of Arts, the founder of the Index Society,  a co-founder of the Topographical Society of London,  a member of the Sette of  Odd Volumes (later President),  the Early English Text Society,  and the New Shakespeare Society.  As The Book Lover's Library series was being published from 1886 to 1902, Wheatley joined the Johnson Club, founded the Samuel Pepys Club, and became Vice President, then President of the Bibliographical Society.   A more qualified person to be editor of The Book Lover's Library would have been hard to find.


Elliot Stock introduced Henry B. Wheatley as the editor of the upcoming series, The Book Lover's Library, in a prospectus which appeared in the November 29, 1884 issue of The Evening News:





Similar announcements were published in the Nov 29, 1884 issue of The Athenæum:



SPOILER ALERT
Not all the volumes identified in these announcements were published in The Book Lover's Library seres.  And more volumes were subsequently added to the series.  But I do find it interesting to see which books "might have been" part of The Book Lover's Library.


In the January 1885 issue of The Book Buyer:




In the January 10, 1885 issue of the Publishers' Weekly:


And a shortened note in the the January 1885 issue of The Library Journal:  The Official Organ of the Library Associations of America and of the United Kingdom:




And in a Supplement to the 14 February 1885 issue of The New Zealand Herald:






Fast forward to the prospectus which appeared in the Nov. 6, 1885 issue of The Bookseller:


A closer look at this list of books in preparation highlights the benefit of Henry B. Wheatley being the editor of this series.  Two of the authors of the books in preparation were co-founders, along with Wheatley, of the Topographical Society of London:  H. Trueman Wood and G. L. Gomme.  And a third author, T. F. Ordish, became Honorary Secretary of the Topographical Society after its first meeting.

Another author of a book in preparation was George Clulow.  On March 2, 1884, Clulow gave a presentation on Playing Cards before the Sette of Odd Volumes, displaying 55 playing cards from 1480 to the present.  If Henry B. Wheatley was already a member of the Sette of Odd Volumes in 1884, he may have attended this meeting, and signed Clulow up as an author for The Book Lover's Library series.

As Assistant Secretary of the Society of Arts, however, Wheatley surely was in attendance on May 8, 1889 when Clulow read a paper before the Society of Arts on The Origin and Manufacture of Playing Cards.  But Wheatley may have determined that The History of Playing Cards would be too short for publication in The Book Lover's Library series (Most books in the Book Lover's Library series were between 150 and 300 pages long).  On a side note, the Chiswick Press published The Origin and Manufacture of Playing Cards in 1889, and it was 40 pages long.

How to Arrange a Library by Henry B. Wheatley was another book in preparation that never made it to the printer.  Terry Belanger's 1985 book, Lunacy and the Arrangement of Books, was only 26 pages.  I doubt if Wheatley could have stretched his book to 150 pages.  The same might be said for How to Manage a Library, also by Wheatley, which was dropped prior to the Nov. 6, 1885 announcement in The Bookseller.

A third book listed as "in preparation," Notes on Paper Materials Used for Books, by T. F. Ordish was not published in The Book Lover's Library series either.   I believe, however, that Elliot Stock decided to include this topic in a volume of The Gentleman's Library series edited by G. L. Gomme:  Literary Curiosities and Notes  by A. B. G. (A. B. Grosart) which was published in 1888.  This volume also included another topic originally destined for The Book Lover's Library series: and mentioned way back when in The Evening News in Nov 1884:  Notes on Bookbinding.

Where Elliot Stock published Old Advertisements in Books–if he published it at all–I have no idea.




The best source of information about The Book Lover's Library series that I've found is an article by the Australian Claude A. Prance titled "The Book Lover's Library."  This article appeared in the Autumn 1983 issue of The Private Library.  And a number of years ago a good friend was kind enough to copy the article and send me a copy:



Prance's article is included in his book, Essays of a Book Collector:  Reminiscences on Some Old Books and Their Authors, published by Locust Hill Press, West Cornwall, Ct. in 1989 (moi recommends).  All told, Elliot Stock published 26 volumes in The Book Lover's Library series.  And Prance describes the contents of each volume in his article.





The purchasers of the volumes of The Book Lover's Library series had a choice of three styles of binding:
   Printed on antique paper, rough paper edges in green cloth with bevelled edges.

   Printed on hand-made paper in Roxburghe half-morocco with gilt top (250 copies)

   Large paper edition on hand-made paper, bound in Roxburghe (50 copies)



All but one of my volumes of The Book Lover's Library series are in green cloth with bevelled edges.  Elliot Stock used this same binding for books by Augustine Birrell and J. Roger Rees.




I have two 1902 reprints of The Enemies of Books, and with different "popular bindings."  Most curiously though, the 1902 edition only contains one illustration, whereas the 1888 edition contained eight illustrations.  Nothing else was revised.



    I also have a 1968 Gale reprint of the 1892 edition of Books in Chains by William Blades.  I will eventually trade up for a Book Lover's Library edition.



There are a few more Book Lover's Library volumes I will add to my library before I get old and grey . But not the whole series.  Some volumes, like the Dickens volumes, just don't appeal to me.  My Australian friend, John Byrne, has all 26 volumes in the green beveled cloth, and a few large paper editions to boot!  Another Australian, Patrick Spedding, wrote a blog post about The Book Lover's Library in February 2015.

My favorites in The Book Lover's Library series are these three books.  Although the information contained in the volumes is outdated, the books provide a vivid picture of how book collecting, library cataloguing, and indexing was in the time of Elliot Stock and Henry B. Wheatley.


My copy of How to Catalogue a Library was formerly owned by the Rubaiyat Collector, Waldo Leon Rich.  I wonder if he referred to Wheatley's book to catalogue his collection?




And finally, here's a list of all 26 volumes and the year they were first published in The Book Lover's Library series:

How to Form a Library by Henry Wheatley, 1886.

Old Cookery Books by William Carew Hazlitt, 1886.

The Literature of Local Institutions by G. Laurence Gomme, 1886.

Modern Methods of Illustrating Books by H. T. Wood, 1887.

The Dedication of Books to Patron and Friend by Henry B. Wheatley, 1887.

Gleanings in Old Garden Literature by William Carew Hazlitt,1887.

The Story of Some Famous Books by Frederick Saunders, 1887.

The Book of Noodles:  Stories of Simpletons; or Fools and Their Follies by W. A. Clouston, 1888.

The Enemies of Books by William Blades, 1888.

Foreign Visitors in England, and What They Thought of Us:  Being Some Notes on Their Books and Their Opinions During the Last Three Centuries by Edward Smith, 1890.

How to Catalogue a Library by Henry B. Wheatley, 1889.

Studies in Jocular Literature:  A Popular  Subject More Closely Considered by W.  Carew Hazlitt, 1890.

Newspaper Reporting in Olden Time and Today by John Pendleton, 1890.

The Story of the 'Imitatio Christi' by Leonard A. Wheatley, 1891.

Books Condemned to be Burnt by James Anson Farrer, 1892.

Books in Chains and Other Bibliographical Papers by William Blades, 1892.

Literary Blunders:  A Chapter in the History of Human Error' by Henry B. Wheatley,  1893.

Book Song:  An Anthology of  Poems of Books and Bookmen From Modern Authors by Gleeson White, 1893.

Walton and Some Earlier Writers on Fish and Fishing by R. B. Marston, 1894.

Books Fatal to Their Authors by P. H. Ditchfield, 1895.

Book-Verse:  An Anthology of Poems of Books and Book-men From the Earliest Times to Recent Years  by W. Roberts, 1896.

The Literature of Music by James E. Mathew, 1896.

The Novels of Charles Dickens:  A Bibliography and Sketch by Frederic C. Kitton, 1897.

Book Auctions in England in the Seventeenth Century 1676-1700:  With a Chronological List of the Book Auctions of the Period by John Lawler, 1898.

The Minor Writings of Charles Dickens:  A Bibliography and Sketch by Frederic C. Kitton, 1900.

How to Make an Index by Henry B. Wheatley, 1902.