Thursday, August 13, 2015

Appendiculæ Historicæ;
Shreds of History
About a Book and Its Owners

Every book has its own story.  And many a story has yet to be told.  I'm not talking about the story that is printed on the pages of a book.  I'm talking about the story of the book itself.  Who bought it? Where did it go afterwards? And how did it end up in my library?

                                                                                 Jerry Morris, August 2015 

In June 2008, my friend Fred Farrar experienced a temporary glitch in his financial situation, and asked me to sell some of his books for him.  Fred was one of "the bookies" who met for breakfast in New Port Richey, Florida on Friday mornings.   My wife called us "bookies" because we all had something to do with books.   Fred was a longtime collector of books and historical newspapers. One of the books Fred wanted me to sell was Appendiculæ Historicæ:  or, Shreds of History Hung on a Horn.  

Lightly pasted on the front free endpaper of the book was the bookplate of the renowned New York City book collector, William Loring Andrews (1837-1920), a founding member of both the Grolier Club and the Society of Iconophiles.

Now I would have loved to add this book to my own library, not only for its provenance, but because it would have made an excellent addition to my Americana and New York Collections.  Here's a contemporary review of the book;

                             The Westminster Review, Volume 136,  July-December 1891

Here's a map from the book of the mouth of the Hudson River, as it was in 1776:

It didn't surprise me that Fred had a copy of this book.  His library was rich in American history, both in books and newspapers.  Moreover, he was a member of the American Antiquarian Society.  Fred had already started donating some of his historical newspapers to his Alma Mater, Washington & Lee University.

As much as I wanted the book, I knew I couldn't afford it  And I hadn't even added WLA's provenance value to the cost of the book.  Moreover, I owed Fred a favor or two.  Two years earlier, while I was anxiously awaiting the approval of my disability retirement application from the Post Office (big-time heart problems), Fred had helped to keep me out of the poorhouse by buying many of the pre-1800 books in my library, including a 1678 edition of Jeremy Taylor's Antiquitates Christianæ that was in mint condition.

Jan Clark, from Michigan,  was another friend who had helped me out financially in 2006. She was a Books About Books Collector herself.  But her husband Bill was an Aviation enthusiast.  And Jan bought My Sentimental Airman Collection en bloc for her husband.  Two years later, in June 2008, I queried her about buying Fred's book that was formerly owned by William Loring Andrews.

Jan wanted a book from WLA's library, but requested further proof that the book actually belonged to William Loring Andrews.  She also wanted to know how Fred had acquired the book.  Jan had cause for concern.  The bookplate itself was, in fact, a small lithographic copy of the bookplate E. D. French engraved for WLA in 1894.   Moreover, I could find no additional evidence to prove that William Loring Andrews was the former owner of this book.  And Fred could not remember where or when he had acquired his copy of Appendiculæ Historicæ.

Stamped on the front pastedown of the book, however,  was an ownership stamp belonging to the prominent New York art dealer, Augustus F. De Forest (1852-1946):  "De Forest Art Library 640 Madison Ave. N.Y."

 When De Forest died, The Augustus F. De Forest Papers went to another New York art dealer, Max R. Schweitzer, and then, in turn to a third New York art dealer, Julius H. Weitzner.  Part of the Schweitzer Collection ended up in the Brooklyn Museum.  And the Weitzner Collection ended up in the Smithsonian Archives of American Art.  The Smithsonian gives an impressive summary of the collection of the Augustus F. De Forest Papers:

I would have preferred that Fred's book be stamped "de Forest Library of Americana," but "de Forest Art Library" at least established provenance.  And De Forest was as far as I could go on the ownership trail.  Interestingly, one of the eight sample images of the De Forest Papers in the Smithsonian Archives of American Art was a book containing fragments of two plays from John Bell's British Theatre, thus verifying that books were part of the August F. De Forest Papers.

A few weeks later, Fred and Jan agreed on a price for the book.  And that made us all happy.

Fast forward to July 29, 2014.  Fred Farrar passed away at the age of ninety-six.  Several weeks later, Jan Clark decided to downsize her library.  And I bought Fred's copy of Appendiculæ Historicæ  from her for my own library!

Either my online researching skills have improved considerably since the last time I saw this book, or the information I found online about the sale of WLA's books wasn't on the web in 2008.  Nevertheless, I can now offer more small shreds of history regarding the ownership of this book, but yet, still more conjectures.

William Loring Andrews was the second President of the prestigious Grolier Club in New York.  And he was the first to suggest the club be named after Jean Grolier.  WLA either sold or gave away most of his books before he died.  In 1894, he donated his collection of early printed books to Yale University.  And in 1919, he sold his library to the New York bookseller, Francis F. Drake.  His book, Appendiculæ Historicæ, was part of his Americana Collection. And Drake didn't put this collection into his stock for immediate sale; instead, he put the collection in storage, intending to publish a separate catalogue of the books in June 1920.  But Drake never found the time to catalogue the collection.  And in February 1921, he contacted Mitchel Kennerley, President of the Anderson Galleries, and arranged to have the WLA Collection of Americana put up for auction.

On Tuesday evening, April 19th, 1921, WLA's copy of Appendiculæ Historicæ sold for $22.  The winning bidder most likely was Augustus F. De Forest.  And Anderson Galleries provided a small lithographic copy of WLA's bookplate to the winning bidders, which Augustus F. De Forest lightly pasted in the book.

After serving his country during WWII, Fred Farrar was a newspaper advertising executive for almost 35 years—and based in New York City the latter part of that time.  Fred was a patron of the arts, and he may have acquired the old oil paintings I observed in his house from either Max R. Schweitzer or Julius H. Weitzner in the 1950s or 60s.  That same  conjecture goes for acquiring his copy of the book, Appendiculæ Historicæ.  My late friend Gabriel Austin was once an art dealer in New York City.  And he sold books as well as art.

Fred Farrar added no personal marks of provenance to his copy of this book.  But I have his bookplate.  And I shall paste it in the book  to display one more shred of history of the ownership of this copy of  Appendiculæ Historicæ; or, Shreds of History Hung on a Horn.

Fred Farrar gave many of his books and most of his historical newspapers to his alma mater, Washington & Lee University.  And Washington & Lee gave Fred:

A Glowing Tribute.

Monday, July 27, 2015

Printers, Printmakers,
Other Book Workers
In My Library

When Mark Samuels Lasner visited my library in March 2010, he went straight to my Mary Hyde Collection.  And he spent more than a few minutes admiring the books by, about, or formerly owned by Mary Hyde. Then he sauntered over to my Books About Books Collection, pulled down book after book, and pored over their contents.  Mark remarked that I seemed to have books covering practically every facet of Books About Books. ​

I've added several hundred Books About Books since Mark's visit—a collection now totaling over 1100 books. And in that time, I've written blog posts telling you more than a little bit about my books about book publishers, booksellers, and book collectors. Today, I will tell you a little bit about the book workers in my library: books by and about the men and women who either helped make or repair books.

From An Alphabet For Printers

                                                                                  Journal of the Guild of Book Workers

Don't let the "VOL 1 NO 1" on the cover of this pamphlet fool you; the Guild of Book Workers has been around since 1906.  It printed year books for the first forty years or so, then went to mimeographed sheets, which were distributed to the members.  Finally, in 1962, it printed its first quarterly journal.


The Graphic Arts And Crafts Year Book 
              For the Year 1907

This year book is not one of the early year books of the Guild of Book Workers.  Nor is it an early year book of the American Institute of Graphic Arts, which wasn't founded until 1914.  It was published by The Republican Publishing Company of Hamilton, Ohio, and it is what the subtitle of the book says it is:  The First American Annual Review of the Engraving, Printing and Allied Industries.  Here are some photos from the 1907 Year Book.


                                                                                             To Be A Printer

The autobiography of Brooke Crutchley, Assistant University Printer of Cambridge University from 1930 to 1945, and then University Printer from 1946 to 1974.

The First Century of Printing: 1400-1500.  An Exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago, Jan 30-Mar 2, 1941.  Published by the Lakeside Press.

                                                            The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe

An abridgment of Elizabeth L. Eisenstein's mammoth two-volume work, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change:  Communications and Cultural Transformation in Early-Modern Europe.


         Journal of the Printing Historical Society

I have this particular issue (Summer, 2001) because it contains Paul W. Nash's article, "The abandoning of the long s in Britain in 1800."

                                                                              The History of Printing in America

Isaiah Thomas's book on printing will never grow old.

                    The Story of An Old Press                                 

An Account of the Hand Press Known as the Stephan Daye Press, Upon Which Was Begun in 1638 the First Printing in British North America

                                                                          Printing in Delaware 1761-1800

A checklist of eighteenth century Delaware imprints.

                Books On the Printing Crafts 
                In the Toronto Public Libraries

One of a vast number of pamphlets about the printing crafts that were included in The Last Book Sale Care Package.

  And two more:

The Legibility of Type


A Book of Lettering


                          Weltz Type Faces

The type faces of the Weltz Ad Agency, circa 1960s.

                                                                                  The Little Manual of Calligraphy

                  Calligraphy anyone?

                                                 The Printmaker 1450 to 1950

                                                   An Essay On Prints

                                                                                                                                                  This copy of An Essay On Prints was formerly owned by Barratt's Library, Bond Street, Bath.  Joseph Barratt was a bookseller and a bookbinder as well as the proprietor of Barratt's Lending Library in the late 1700s and early 1800s.

                              Thomas Bewick:  The Complete Illustrative Work

              The Catnach Press

A Collection of the Books and Woodcuts of James Catnach

                                         Max Beerbohm

Books, Manuscripts, and Caricatures From the Library of Mark Samuels Lasner

                                                                       The Grolier Club Creates                                            

    Book Arts 
Club Members



Methods Old and New

                                                                                          On Paper

The Everything of Its Two Thousand Year History

 Papermaking:  The History and
 Technique  of an Ancient Craft

Dard Hunter's book about papermaking should be in every bibliophile's library.

                                                                                   One Hundred Twenty-Five Years 
                                                                                          in the Paper Business        

A History of America's first paper merchant, the Alling and Cory Company, together with an essay by Joseph T. Alling, "Paper, A Brief Account of How It Is Made."

                         Sample Book

A Sample Book of cover papers produced by Alling and Cory, circa 1930s

Cover papers were used as book covers for pamphlets.

       Doeskin Cover Papers: Sample Book

The Cleveland Paper Company advertised and sold the cover papers.  But the Chemical Paper Manufacturing Company made them.

                         Decorative Endpapers

I like marbled endpapers.

                         Here's a sample book of endpapers from TALAS

Here are some sample books of patterns I acquired while visiting the world-renowned Cockerell Bindery in Grantchester in 1988, along with remnants of marbled paper dated 1988, making the sheet one of the last sheets of marbled paper produced at the Cockerell Bindery.  Sydney Morris Cockerell, known as "Sandy Cockerell," died in November 1987, and the contents of the Cockerell Bindery were sold in March 1989.

                              Bookbinding and the Care of Books

Sandy Cockerell's specialty was marbled endpapers.  And his father's specialty was bookbinding.


                                                    The Vanishing Breed:
                                                  A History of Bookbinding
                                               By my late friend Don Brady

Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books

A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology by Etherington & Roberts.  Another book that should be in every bibliophile's library.

                                                                                         The Binding of Books

An Essay on the History of Gold-Tooled Bindings  by Herbert P. Horne

                                     An Historical Sketch of Bookbinding

       The Uses of Bookbinding Literature

A lecture given by B. H. Breslauer at Columbia University on July 23, 1984.

                                                                                 Bookbindings, Old And New

Notes of a Book-Lover, With an Account of the Grolier Club  by Brander Matthews.


Book Repair And Restoration
  by Mitchell S. Buck

A Manual of Practical Suggestions For the Bibliophile

                                                  The American Bookbinder

The Bookbinder in Eighteenth-Century Williamsburg:  An Account of his Life & Times & of his Craft

  Bookbinding:  Its Background and Technique

Edith Diehl was an early member of The Guild of Book Workers.

Binding and Repairing Books by Hand

My very first book on bookbinding.  And I still follow David Muir's techniques of bookbinding.

Victorian Publishers' Bindings

               Bibliopegia Fantastica

If a bookbinder ever says to you, "Give me some skin,"  RUN!!! Just Run!!!

Japanese Bookbinding:
Instructions from a Master Craftsman

                                                                                 Bookbinding History & Technique

Oak Knoll Catalogue 246 (2003)
1400 books about bookbinding
Mostly from the collections of  Phiroze Randeria and Alfred Brazier.  

                           The Restoration of Leather Bindings                  


                      Phiroze Randeria's copy, which I acquired from Oak Knoll

               Hand Bookbinding

This copy belonged to the bookbinder Harold W. Tribolet.

                                                                      Cleaning And Preserving Bindings
                                                                                And Related Materials

Harold Tribolet was the former owner of this bookbinding book as well.  Herbert L. Hanna, Technical Editor of the ALA Library Technology Program, gave him this copy in 1973.

                      Fine Binding in America:  The Story of the Club Bindery

This book also belonged to Harold Tribolet.  I acquired it with the other two books from his library.  But E. A. Thompson's inscription does not mention Tribolet's name.

Here are some bookbinding books for beginners:

            Bookbinding Basics

                                                                                            Bookbinding for Beginners


A Keepsake printed for the Friends of Mt. Tam Press by the Haunted C & P Press, which contains an article on Bookbinding by A. Hushmark that was printed in the Inland Printer in July 1911.

                                                             Book Repairs

                                                                                              Book Mending

Advice to librarians on repairing inexpensive books.

      Bookbinding BSA Style

And finally . . .

Early American Bookbindings
 From the Collection of Michael Papantonio