Sunday, April 29, 2012

Around the Dining Room Table: A View of My Shakespeare Collection

When I retired from the U.S. Air Force in 1989, I brought back about 200 books from England with me.  More than a handful of these books were books by or about Shakespeare.  I recorded these books in the very first catalogue of my library, citing   how much I paid for each book, and the source, with "B" denoting bookstore, "F" denoting book fair, and "A" denoting auction (the average exchange rate in the late 1980s was about $1.50 per £1).

Of these first Shakespeare books, there is nothing spectacular, monetary-wise.  The most I paid for one item was less than $13, and that was for the 1806 set:

Pleasing to the eye is the front cover of Sir Henry Lee's Life of William Shakespeare, displaying Shakespeare's coat of arms, but the cloth on the spine is badly faded.

These books that I brought back from England are the cornerstone of my Shakesepare Collection, and have a sentimental value that money can't buy.  Take for instance the third book on the list, the Shakespeare book with the first four pages of Intro missing.  This was my first ever bookbinding project and one of my first Shakespeare books.

These Shakespeare books, and their brothers and sisters that I have since acquired, have moved from room to room in our house here in Florida: from the living room, to the master bedroom, to the spare bedroom (converted into a library), to the hallway outside the library, and now to the dining room.  Yes, the dining room.

On one side of the dining room table is a cabinet containing my wife's Bing & Grondahl Plate Collection.  On the other side of the dining room table is my barrister bookcase, the new home of my Shakespeare Collection:

Wise bookmen have sat at this very same dining room table, ate lunch, and shared biblio talk with me:  first Paul Ruxin, and then Mark Samuels Lasner and Donald Farren.  If and when they return and sit around this dining room table, they can now view my Shakespeare Collection:

It is fitting that Shakespeare has found a home in my new barrister bookcase.  I received this barrister bookcase as an early birthday present from my wife.  And we celebrate Shakespeare's birthday in April. . . .Well, not everybody celebrated his birthday in April, thanks to the change of calendars . . .

On May 3, 1820, in an essay printed in his periodical, The Indicator, Leigh Hunt wrote,
"The fifth of May, making the due allowance of twelve days, the twenty third of April, according to the change of the Style, is the birthday of Shakespeare. Pleasant thoughts must be associated with him in everything.  If he is not to be born in April, he must be born in May. Nature will have her with him on her blithest holidays like her favourite lover. . . .
The favorite in my Shakespeare Collection is my married set of the First American Edition of Shakespeare's Works.  I almost sold this set in 2006 when I was anxiously awaiting approval of my disability retirement application.  And it is currently on consignment with a notable bookseller  SOLD!!

It is hard to believe that Shakespeare's works weren't published in America until 1795, yet that statement still holds true today.

But what is no longer true is that the frontispiece by Robert Field, in the first volume of the First American Edition of Shakespeare's Works is the First American Engraving of Shakespeare:

An article in an 1885 issue of Shakespeariana, a periodical I have in my Shakespeare Collection, heralded this portrait as the First American Portrait of Shakespeare
(click on image to enlarge):

This claim stood until the Shakespeare scholar, James G. McManaway, announced in the Spring 1961 issue of Shakespeare Quarterly that the First American Engraving of Shakespeare first appeared in a 1787 issue of The Columbian Magazine.  This engraving by James Trenchard is not even a frontispiece; it is an advertisement for a set of Shakespeare books sold by a Philadelphia bookseller:

 James Trenchard, one of the owners of The Columbian Magazine, engraved the advertisement himself.  The advertisement is inserted in the July 1787 issue of the Folger Shakespeare Library copy of The Columbian Magazine, and in the August 1787 issue of the Library Company of Philadelphia copy.  It is not in any issue in the Darlington Memorial Library copy at the University of Pittsburgh –– at least I couldn't find it!  The Darlington Memorial Library copy can be viewed online at  Did someone swipe the engraving or was it never inserted in the periodical?  I notified Special Collections at the University of Pittsburgh to physically check their copy in storage.

But there is  another contender besides Trenchard's engraving, and it is even a frontispiece!  In a 1917 Rosenbach Company catalogue, the renowned bookseller, A.S.W. Rosenbach, listed the following item:

Rosenbach was on target with the date.  Modern scholars cite 1794 as the date of publication of the Boston edition of this work.  S. Hill is Samuel Hill, a Boston engraver who is credited with engraving the portraits on the frontispiece of the Boston edition of Essays on Physiognomy  (the word physiognomy means a person's facial features).

A London edition of this work published in 1789 didn't have the frontispiece; the portraits were printed individually throughout the book.

In the portrait above, Shakespeare is facing in the opposite direction from Samuel Hill's portrait.  But surprisingly, Hill's portraits from the 1794 Boston edition were used as the frontispiece in another London edition published around 1800:

So even if Trenchard's engraving is disqualified from contention as being a mere advertisement,  Samuel Hill's engraving would be the winner as the First American Portrait of Shakespeare, and not Field's portrait from the First American Edition of Shakespeare's works.

 My set of the First American Edition of Shakespeare's works isn't even the oldest Shakespeare item in my library!   That honor goes to an odd volume of  Rowe's 1714 edition of Shakespeare's works, the first quarto edition published after the folios.  The title page and table of contents are lacking, but each play has its own frontispiece and title page:

Nicholas Rowe was the first Shakespeare editor to provide an extensive biography of Shakespeare.  Later editors would disapprove of his edition because the text of Shakespeare's plays is based on the text of the 1685 Fourth Folio and not on text of the First Folio.

I have one other married set of Shakespeare's Works, but these volumes are not in the  barrister bookcase.  In the barrister bookcase are odd volumes from an 1821 set formerly owned by the Ohio State Library, which I acquired to complete my set of this edition.  But these odd volumes are not compatible with the 19 of 21 volumes which are currently in  the bookcase  in the hallway outside of my library.  The odd volumes in the barrister bookcase do not have marbled edges.  And, unfortunately, they are smaller than the volumes in the hallway bookcase:

I have a number of other odd volumes of Shakespeare's works, most of which are in my barrister bookcase  Of note are odd volumes of The Bankside Shakespeare, a set of Shakespeare's works in parallel texts, published by the Shakespeare Society of New York beginning in the late 1800s.  On the left is the Players' text from the early quartos (1594-1622), and on the right is the Heminges and Condell text from the First Folio of 1623:

The newest addition to my Shakespeare Collection just arrived this week.   It is a two-volume set of Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare by J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps.  You may recall that I did my November 2011 blog post on him, and a December 2011 post on the Value of Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare.  My set is the 1898 tenth edition, and not of much value monetarily, but the books themselves contain a wealth of information.  The set is ex-library, and the spines have been crudely rebacked with two slightly different shades of green cloth, but I am not complaining.  After all, I acquired the set for less than six dollars, and with shipping included:

Not all of my Shakespeare books can be viewed from around the dining room table.  My association copies and gifts from friends are in my library room, as are two large odd volumes of the National Union Catalog, Volumes 540 and 541, covering the works of Shakespeare.  These books are too large for my barrister bookcase, as is an oversized volume of Shakespeare I bought when I worked at Waldenbooks in the 1990s.

Other recent additions include Shaksperiana: catalogue of all the books, pamphlets &c. relating to Shakspeare, by John Wilson, London, 1827, a gift from Per RÃ¥lamb, and Folomania! : stories behind Shakespeare's most important book, by Owen Williams, Washington, 2011, a gift from Paul Ruxin.  Thanks guys!

Without much ado, you can view these Shakespeare books and more on Library Thing.

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